• Publish date: Saturday، 12 January 2019 Last update: Saturday، 27 January 2024

10. The Holy Mosque of Delhi


Capacity of 25 thousand people.

On the 10th place among the largest mosques in the world is the Cathedral Mosque of Delhi, or Jami Masjid. The erection of the building began during the reign of Shah Jahan I, the padishah of the Mughal empire.

His name went down in history, he was elevated on the orders of Jahan by the magnificent mausoleum of the Taj Mahal mosque. The construction of the Cathedral Mosque was completed in 1656. At the same time, it can accommodate about 25 thousand people.

9. Sheikh Zayed Mosque


Capacity of 40 thousand people.

The Sheikh Zayed Mosque (United Arab Emirates) ranks 9th among the largest mosques in the world. It is famous not only for its size, but also for its stunning beauty. It is one of the main adornments of the city of Abu Dhabi. At the same time, there may be about 40 thousand people in it.

The mosque impresses with its interior: for decoration of buildings, colored marble and semiprecious stones were used. In addition, here is the largest and most luxurious chandelier in the world. The area of ​​the mosque is 22 thousand square meters. 

8. The Mosque of Al-Saleh


Capacity of 44 thousand people.

Eighth place among the largest mosques in the world belongs to Al-Saleh Mosque, a station in Yemen. The official opening of the main attraction of the country took place in 2008.

The construction of the mosque was financed by the President of Yemen. She managed the country in a huge amount — $ 60 million. The Al-Saleh Mosque is a modern building, which houses educational classes and several libraries. In the main hall can fit up to 44 thousand people.

7. Badshahi Mosque


Capacity of 60 thousand people.

Badshahi Mosque, located in the Pakistani city of Lahore, ranks 7th in the list of the largest religious structures in the Muslim world.

It was built in the middle of the XVII century on the orders of the last ruler of the Great Mogul dynasty. At the same time in the mosque can be up to 60 thousand people.

6. Imam Reza Mausoleum


Capacity of 100 thousand people

The sixth place among the largest mosques in the world is the architectural and religious complex of Imam Reza’s mausoleum. It is located in Iran, in the city of Mashhad. It includes the imam’s tomb, as well as other tombs of revered religious figures of Islam, a mosque, a cemetery, a library and a museum. The mausoleum is the main tourist attraction of Iran, which annually visits up to 20 million visitors.

When in 818 Imam Reza, who had great popularity among the people, was killed, he was buried near the tomb of the great Harun al-Rashid. Soon around the tomb grew the city of Mashhad. The construction of the complex began in the 13th century, during the reign of the Timurid dynasty. The first mosque in the burial place of the imam was built in the XI century, but soon it was destroyed. The area of ​​the complex is about 331 thousand square meters. Meters. Holds a mausoleum of 100 thousand people.

5. Hassan II Mosque


Capacity of 105 thousand people.

The Hassan II mosque is on the 5th place among the largest religious constructions of the Muslim world. Located in the city of Casablanca, the Hassan Mosque is striking not only for its huge size, but also for its beauty — a magnificent view of the Atlantic Ocean from the huge glass hall of the temple.

The mosque holds 105 thousand people. The area of ​​the temple is about 9 hectares. An interesting fact: all 800 million dollars spent on building a mosque are voluntary donations.

4. The Mosque of Independence


Capacity of 120 thousand people.

The Independence Mosque or Istiklal, located in Indonesia in the city of Jakarta, ranks 4th among the largest mosques in the world. When the country gained independence in 1949, this great event was decided to perpetuate the construction of the largest religious structure in South-East Asia.

The construction of the mosque began in 1961. The temple hosts about 120 thousand visitors at the same time. The area of ​​the mosque is 10 hectares.

3. The Faisal Mosque


Capacity 300 thousand people.

The third place among the largest mosques in the world belongs to the Faisal mosque, located in Islamabad. Its construction was financed by the government of Saudi Arabia. The building of the mosque is located in a picturesque area.

It is noteworthy that its design is very different from the traditional architecture of Muslim temples. Most of all in appearance the building resembles the tent of a Bedouin-nomad. The design to dream during its erection caused great dissatisfaction, but after the construction was over, critics admitted that they were wrong. The Faisal mosque accommodates about 300 thousand people. The area of ​​the mosque is 5 thousand square meters. 

2. The Prophet’s Mosque


Capacity of 1 million people

The second largest and most important for believers is the mosque in the world is in Medina. This is the Mosque of the Prophet, or Masjid al-Nabawi. It is commonly believed that the construction of the temple began in 622, and the Prophet Muhammad himself participated in it.

He was buried under the Green Dome. At the usual time the mosque of the prophet holds about 600 thousand people. During the pilgrimage it can accommodate up to 1 million believers. The area of ​​the mosque is about 400 thousand square meters.

1. Forbidden Mosque


Capacity of 2 million people

On the first place among the largest mosques in the world is the Forbidden Mosque, otherwise called Al-Haram. Named as it is forbidden to fight in it's vaccinity and thus referrenced as "Forbidden". It is located in Mecca, in Saudi Arabia. Here is the main value of the Muslim world — Kaaba. According to legend, the first builders of this relic were heavenly angels.

The mosque was first mentioned in 638. Over the long centuries of its existence, the main mosque of the followers of Islam was repeatedly rebuilt to accommodate as many visitors as possible. Now the Forbidden Mosque can hold about 1 million people. If you take into account and adjacent to the temple area, the number of visitors to the mosque can reach more than 2 million people. The area of ​​the religious complex is 357 thousand square meters. Meters, but you need to consider that the mosque is constantly expanding.

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You might find this interesting: In Numbers: Top 10 Countries with the Most Mosques

Muslim prayers: Salah timings, Adhan and rakat

  • Salah. Salah, meaning ‘prayer’ or ‘supplication’, is also known as Namaz among non-Arab Muslims. Salah is one of the five pillars of Islam, which form the core beliefs and practices of the religion. The five pillars are:

  • Profession of faith (Shahada). There is no God but Allah, and Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is the messenger of God.

  • Prayer (Salah)
  • Charity (Zakat)
  • Fasting (Sawm)
  • Pilgrimage (Haj)

Salah is obligatory for adult Muslims and prayer times are set according to the movement of the Sun and performed five times a day as follows:

  • Fajr: Dawn, before sunrise
  • Dhuhr: Midday, after the Sun passes its highest point
  • Asr: The late part of the afternoon
  • Maghrib: Just after sunset
  • Isha: Between sunset and midnight

Praying in the masjid

Muslims can pray anywhere. However, many Muslims pray in congregation in a masjid. A masjid is a place of worship for Muslims. Praying together in a congregation helps Muslims realise that all humanity is one and all are equal under the eyes of God.


Apart from the five daily prayers, there is an obligatory Friday (Jumuah) prayer. This prayer is offered in a congregation with a sermon on Fridays, in place of the noon prayer.

Adhan: A call to prayer

The public call to prayer is called Adhan. The Adhan is delivered from the masjid by a muezzin, who is the masjid's designated caller of prayer. During the call to prayer, the muezzin recites the following Takbir (glorification of God) "Allahu akbar", which translates as "Allah is great".

The full call to prayer is as follows:

  • Allahu Akbar (God is great)
  • Ashhadu an la ilaha illallah (I bear witness that there is no God except the One God)
  • Ashadu anna Muhammadar Rasool Allah (I bear witness that Muhammad is the messenger of God)
  • Hayya' ala-s-Salah (Hurry to the prayer, or rise up for prayer)
  • Hayya' ala-l-Falah (Hurry to success, or rise up for salvation)
  • Assalatu khairum-minan-naum (Prayer is better than sleep. This is only recited for the morning prayer.)
  • Allahu Akbar (God is Great)
  • La ilaha illallah (There is no God except the One God)

What is the significance of the Adhan?

The Adhan is delivered five times a day to invite Muslims to perform obligatory prayers. It is common to hear the call to prayer in public in countries with significant Muslim population. The Adhan is usually recited from the minaret of masjids and is usually delivered facing towards the Holy Kaaba in Makkah.

Performing wudu before salah

Wudu is ablution or an act of washing the body before performing prayers or the recitation of the Holy Quran.

For a step by step guide on performing wudu, have a look at here.

Rakats in Salah

A rakat consists of the recommended movements and recitation of verses of the Holy Quran practiced by Muslims while offering prayers to Allah. It also refers to a single unit of Islamic prayers.

  • Fajr

Fajr salah should be performed in the last part of the night and before sunrise. Fajr salah consists of two obligatory rakats, known as Fard.

  • Dhuhr

Dhuhr salah is the second prayer of the day and is offered at noon. This prayer comprises four obligatory rakats.

  • Asr

Asar salah is performed in the afternoon after the Dhuhr prayer. This prayer comprises four obligatory rakats.

  • Maghrib

Maghrib salah should be offered at sunset. Magrib salah consists of three obligatory rakats.

  • Isha

The fifth prayer of the day is the Isha salah. It includes four obligatory rakats.

There are also other prayers along with these five compulsory prayers:

  • Jumuah prayer (offered on Fridays at noon).
  • Tahjjud prayer (offered in the early hours of the morning. However, it is not compulsory).
  • Tarawih prayer (offered with the Isha prayer and only takes place during the holy month of Ramadan).
  • Eid prayers (offered on Eid Al Fitr and Eid Al Adha).

The benefits of different positions while performing salah:

There are various positions while performing salah, which include Qiyam, Ruku, Sajdah and Tashshhud. There are numerous benefits in these actions such as:

  1. Qiyam (standing): It ensures proper blood flow to the lower portion of the body, strengthening the leg muscles.
  2. Ruku (bowing): This posture is good for the lower vertebral column. It relieves and prevents back pain. It involves stretching of elbows, wrists, knees and ankles, thus developing flexibility around all these areas of the body.
  3. Sajdah (prostration): The act of low bowing or prostration to God towards the qiblah. Sajdah maintains blood flow to the brain and stimulates the pituitary gland and pineal gland.
  4. Tashahhud (sitting posture): The posture is similar to the Vajrasana, a significant Yoga position. The position is said to strengthen the thigh and calf muscles, improve digestion, and keep the spine straight and erect.

Read More: Amazing Pictures From Al-Aqsa Mosque Architecture

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